James Kwok is a Chartered Professional Engineer with over 30 years experience in large-scale engineering projects and research and development. He is the instigator and inventor of numerous innovations in the field of Fluidised-Bed Combustion technology (FBC) that have been widely adopted and commercialized in the designs of FBC systems around the world. More than a decade after their initial implementation in the proprietary Fludised-Bed Reactor, the technologies continue to be considered cutting-edge and world's best practice for power generation from biomass and lignite.
James Kwok has designed and deployed many commercial projects in environmental low emissions power generation technology and has previously been granted with, and was the holder of, power generation and transmission licenses in Australian states. James was the recipient of the first license granted by the Electricity Regulator in the State of Tasmania, presided over by Andrew Reeves, now chairman of the national Australian Energy Regulator (AER) in Canberra. James is the inventor and technologist of numerous world patents and patents pending and has collaborated as co-developer on different projects with Prof Dr Udo Hellwig of ERK Germany and Ion Boldea of Politehnica University, Timisoara Romania.
In December 2010 James completed and commissioned a pre-commercial Hidro+™ Hydrodynamic Power Plant with a 20kW capacity at Stapylton East in Queensland, Australia. This plant is the first-stage of its designed capacity, consisting of a 7m water tower with hydrostatic pressure harnessed via rack and pinion gears that power a flywheel to rotate a generator to produce electricity. The performance of this plant has been verified by independent
engineers and Dr Rajinder Malik PhD, fluid mechanics expert previously
with the University of Sydney. The Hidro+ working pre-commercial 20kW plant technology and process-system have been validated and verified. The Hidro+ commercial plant technical and engineering designs and documentations have been expertly analysed and confirmed; and the conducted process optimisation-studies verified. One of the verification reports' conclusions are attached and can be viewed here. An independent Scientific Validity Report into the Hidro+ Power Technology has also been written and published in a peer reviewed journal, the International Journal of Science and Technology. This paper was authored by the respected Australian Physicist and Technology Researcher Dr. Wayne Nowland. Please click here to read more. The Hidro+ technology has been granted international patents by the peak body; the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO). (See certificates for some of the many covered territories: South Africa, New Zealand, Morocco).
James is a Registered Professional Engineer in Australia [NPER2232083], Chartered Professional Engineer and Fellow of the Institution of Engineers Australia; Member of the Australian College of Mechanical Engineers; in the Panel of the Australian National Registered Chartered Professional Engineers; and Fellow of the Australian Institute of Management.
During the 1980s to 1990, James Kwok held a senior project planner position for the heavy industrial projects division of CMPS Sydney, being then the largest and oldest Australian consulting engineers, with over 2000 engineers in multi-disciplined capabilities.
During 1993 James was a co-developer of the Cheesecake Shop Franchise (later
adding the name Mamuska to the brand, meaning Mother in Polish). The Cheesecake Shop started with a single store in Rozelle and in two years grew to over 200 shops in every Australian State and Territory, and internationally in 3 other countries, with an annual turn over of over $100 million. The Cheesecake Shop is still in business in 2012.
James developed the best-practice and procedures for food premises, operational systems and shop fit-outs, that were granted in early 1995 with the National Health Standards award, presented by the then ACT Chief Minister, Kate Carnell AO, at Parliament House in Canberra.
In the 1990s to 2000s, James Kwok co-owned the engineering and construction firm Energy Equipment Australia (and EE Power Systems), conducting research and development as well as the deployment of many commercial projects in environmental low emissions power generation. James led teams on major projects utilizing the patented proprietary technology of the Fluidised-Bed Reactor (EEFBC Reactor) - being where CO2 gas recycling is applied to control high combustion temperatures and emissions. The EEFBC Reactor processes includes low-temperature gasification followed by high-temperature combustion in one-reactor. It is an integrated low temperature gasification and combustion reactor
technology with integrated shell-tubes steam generators. The technology has been commercially verified by independent experts as meeting the world's best practice for power generation using either low calorific value fossils fuels, such as high moisture coal and lignite (brown coal); and organic materials such as biomass (woody waste). EEFBC Reactor technology has also been tested and proven as being suitable for a low-emission coal liquefaction.
EEFBC Reactor technology is nowadays
well commercialized globally as a cutting-edge technology, recognised as
the world's best practice for low emissions large-scale base-load coal
fired power plants.
During the year 1993, Energy Equipment was the principal contractor
for the 200,000Nm3/hr lignite fuel gasification project in Yima, Henan
Province, to supply clean town-gas to Zhengzhou, being the capital city of
the Province. This project involved sub-technology support of Lurgi AG
GmbH of Germany (Melbourne) and CMPS&F (Sydney) / Egis Group (French). This
project represented one of the largest (if not the largest) engineering
project ever exported by any foreign company to PRChina at that time,
where the main emphasis was to curb the pollution and dust emissions from
the households using lignite (brown coal) for heating and cooking.
Numerous other EEFBC Reactor large steam generator plants (up to 50t/h), using lignite as fuel, have been built and are in commercial operation throughout Australia for major industries, including a plant built in 1993 for Joe White Malting in Tamworth, NSW.
In 1995 Energy Equipment Australia designed and built a 30,000Nm3/hr commercial environmental coal gasification plant using lignite as fuel in Henan Province PRChina for the State owned Steel company, Lou Yang Heavy Machineries. This plant is still in commercial operation producing clean-gas for steel works furnaces and high quality (de-sulphurized) town gas. Another commercial plant using 30t/d sludge from a waste-water treatment plant as feedstock, being part of a bio-diesel production facility, was built in 1996 for the Waste Management Authority at Subiaco Waste Water Works, Western Australia.
In 1998 James Kwok initiated and co-developed with Prof Dr Udo Hellwig of ERK Germany the unique integrated 'shell-tubes', rated at 35t/h superheated steam generator at T400degC and P40barg, to power a 7MWt steam-turbine which was incorporated in the 25m high proprietary and patented Energy Equipment Fluidised-Bed Reactor (FBR).
A large-scale (5MWe) renewable power generating plant using 70,000 t/yr of garden waste (biomass) as fuel, was built using the latest Energy Equipment FBC Reactor technology and commissioned at Stapylton, Queensland. This plant was amongst Australia’s first using a multi-stage air condenser system for cooling (instead of water). The plant was constructed as an embedded generator for an Industrial complex in South East Queensland, Australia. In 2002 this plant was granted with Australia’s first renewable energy generation and transmission license and renewable energy certification from the Australian Greenhouse Office (AGO) in Canberra. In 2003 this plant was successfully commissioned with independent expert verification from Burns Roe Worley (Melbourne, Australia). Other verifications were also conducted by Sinclair Knight Mertz (SKM, Sydney Australia); GHD Black & Veatch (Sydney, Australia and USA); and the Queensland State and Environmental Protection Authority; to confirm meeting designed performance, operational and emissions abatements.
During this time James Kwok established various strategic alliances, which included various international organisations such as Siemens AG
(Germany), Yokogawa Electrics (Japan), Bangkok Industrial Boilers
(Thailand), NM Rothchild & Sons Bank (Sydney), Beijing Ministry of Energy
and Environment and MOFTEC (PRChina), and Dalian Iron and Steel Corp, Liaoning
Province (PRChina); the latter evidencing one of the first Sino Co-operative Joint Venture Enterprise
Agreements by a foreign entity in China in 1998/99, with licenses also
granted from the Ministry of Finance Beijing.
James Kwok was also granted with full building permits from the respective Council engineers, and planning approvals from the respective State's peak planning body and Environmental Protection Authorities to construct:- a large scale (3x)20MWe renewable energy plant at Kemerton Industrial Park in Perth,
Western Australia (under the auspice of The Shire of Harvey), fueled by green waste from timber mills and residue from bluegum tree plantations; a (3x)20MWe renewable energy plant at Morwell, Victoria (under the auspice of LaTrobe City Council), fueled by paper mill waste sludge, timber mill waste and plantation residues; a 20MWe renewable energy plant at Yatala Industrial precinct in Stapylton, Queensland (under the auspice of Gold Coast City Council), fueled by green waste from pruning and grass mowing sourced from Council's landfills and direct drop-off by residents in the plant vicinity; Tasmania's first (2x)20MWe renewable energy plant, under the management of George Town City Council, fueled by 220tpa of eucalypt tree plantation residues and green waste from City Council's landfills; and a 5MWe renewable energy plant approved at Nowra in South Sydney, New South Wales (under the auspice of Nowra City Council), fueled by waste-sludge from local paper mills.
The projects at Morwell and Stapylton reached financial-closing, with long-term power purchase agreements (PPA) worth over $300 million signed with Energy Australia. Power transmission technical designs were consummated with the construction of 33kV interconnection infrastructure, as well as the signed network access agreement with Energex; all of these tasks were achieved successfully under the leadership of James Kwok.
In 2002 James Kwok and Dr Rajinder Malik (previous to that with The University of Sydney, Chemical Engineering Faculty) developed, designed and documented the process for ethanol production using 85kT/yr of cellulose as feed stock from agriculture waste, in a proposed project in Trangie District, Dubbo City, Central New South Wales of Australia. With a dedicated bio-farm to be located adjacent to the plant, the proposed project was granted with Australia’s first EPA approvals.
The project consisted of a 10MW capacity for steam and power production as a co-generation system for the 30ML/yr ethanol plant. The waste from the ethanol processing was to be used as fuel for the power and steam generating plant, where the access power was exported and high volume steam was supplied for the ethanol plant, of which it would also act as a cooling condensing system for the power plant. The goal was creating a fully integrated, stand-alone, highly efficient process-system from sustainable feedstock supplies that required minimal handling and transport for ethanol production, steam and power generation.
The Australian Federal Government’s anticipated ethanol legislation was not passed at that time and the project was shelved. However in the latter part of 2010, mandatory 10% ethanol-mix legislation has since been passed and E10 fuel has now been introduced to replace the fuel previously known as unleaded.
In 2008 Professor Ion Boldea of Politehnica University, Timisoara Romania, joined as a co-developer to combine Linear Electric Generator (LEG) technology with Hidro+ Hydrodynamic Power Technology. The Hidro+ LEG is a joint patent between James Kwok and Professor Ion Boldea, and is currently world patent pending. Prof Boldea has been a Fellow of the IEEE since 1996 and has published extensively, in English, on the subject of rotary and linear electric machines and drives in the last 25 years. He is author and co-author of 13 books published in the U.S.A. and U.K. and holds 20 Romanian patents and one American patent which is now a commercial product. A member of IEEE-IAS EM and IDC committees, he has won 3 IEEE-IAS best-paper awards. He also holds the 1976 Engineering Award (with S.A. Nasar) of the Romanian Academy of Sciences. Prof Boldea led a team that developed and built an industrial prototype (inverter-fed linear induction and, respectively, rotary induction-driven) subway system for 300 passengers and a linear homopolar synchronous motor-integrated propulsion-suspension MAGLEV: Magnibus-01 of 4 tones on a 150-meter test track.
Further collaborative work conducted recently with an overseas shipping company has yielded blue-prints for the development of a Hidro+ Super-Prime-Mover [HSPM] with 135,000BHP power capacity for retrofit into existing large container ships, as a standard feature for newly constructed ships, or in the interim as a stand-alone HSPM Tow-Ship to tow existing larger container ships on Trans-Atlantic or extreme long-range distances (whilst the ship's existing engine is used for manoeuvring at harbor and port). A single operational HSPM that is equipped with an expander turbo-generator and linear electric generator machines to produce power for prime-propulsion, refrigeration and lighting, is expected to be capable of abating about 175million tons per year of carbon emissions.
Installing pre-commercial Hidro+ Plant
Coal Gasification in PRChina
Green Energy Plant in Stapylton
Fluidised-Bed Reactor being installed